Hollow Horn Bear
Brule/Sicangu Sioux, was born in Sheridan County, Nebraska in 1850. At age 16, he participated in Sioux raids against the Pawnee. In the Red Cloud War of 1866-68, he led attacks against U.S. troops, first in Wyoming, then in Montana, and in 1869, against labor crews of the Union Pacific Railroad.
hostilities ceased, he was appointed Captain of Police at the Rosebud Agency,
South Dakota, in which he had the duty to arrest Crow Dog for the murder of
Spotted Tail. He was chosen in 1889 to negotiate with General Crook and the
U.S. Commission and acted as spokesman for his tribe. His picture was used on
a U.S. 14-cent postage stamp, on a five-dollar silver certificate, and also
on the reverse side of the buffalo nickel.
In 1905, he attended the presidential inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt, and in 1913, he led the Indian contingent in the inaugural parade of Woodrow Wilson. On his last visit to Washington, he caught pneumonia and died there.
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